Bovine Vaccinia: Insights into the Disease in Cattle.

Bovine Vaccinia: Insights into the Disease in Cattle.
Author Information (click to view)

Matos ACD, Rehfeld IS, Guedes MIMC, Lobato ZIP,


Matos ACD, Rehfeld IS, Guedes MIMC, Lobato ZIP, (click to view)

Matos ACD, Rehfeld IS, Guedes MIMC, Lobato ZIP,

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Viruses 2018 03 0910(3) pii E120
Abstract

Bovine vaccinia (BV), caused by(VACV), is a zoonosis characterized by exanthematous lesions in the teats of dairy cows and the hands of milkers and is an important public health issue. Severe VACV-induced lesions in the teats and udder of cows and buffaloes could lead to mastitis and other secondary infections, thereby reducing productivity and resulting in economic losses to the dairy industry. In Brazil, BV re-emerged in the late 1990s and is now endemic in most of the Brazilian territory. In the last 15 years, much effort has been made to know more about this disease and its epidemiology, etiologic agents, and interactions with the host and the environment. In this review, we describe the known dynamics of VACV infection in cattle and the viral shedding routes, as well as the relevance of BV for animal and public health.

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