Influenza and other respiratory viruses 2018 03 08() doi 10.1111/irv.12554
Information on the burden, characteristics and seasonality of non-influenza respiratory viruses is limited in tropical countries.
Describe the epidemiology of selected non-influenza respiratory viruses in Thailand between June 2010 and May 2014 using a sentinel surveillance platform established for influenza.
Patients with influenza-like illness (ILI; history of fever or documented temperature >38°C, cough, not requiring hospitalization) or severe acute respiratory infection (SARI; history of fever or documented temperature >38°C, cough, onset <10 days, requiring hospitalization) were enrolled from 10 sites. Throat swabs were tested for influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), metapneumovirus (MPV), parainfluenza viruses (PIV) 1-3, and adenoviruses by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or real-time reverse transcriptase PCR RESULTS: We screened 15,369 persons with acute respiratory infections and enrolled 8106 cases of ILI (5069 cases <15 years old) and 1754 cases of SARI (1404 cases <15 years old). Among ILI cases <15 years old, influenza viruses (1173, 23%), RSV (447, 9%) and adenoviruses (430, 8%) were the most frequently identified respiratory viruses tested, while for SARI cases <15 years old, RSV (196, 14%) influenza (157, 11%) and adenoviruses (90, 6%) were the most common.. The RSV season significantly overlapped the larger influenza season from July-November in Thailand. CONCLUSIONS
The global expansion of influenza sentinel surveillance provides an opportunity to gather information on the characteristics of cases positive for non-influenza respiratory viruses, particularly seasonality, although adjustments to case definitions may be required. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.